TRAMPOLINE AND TUMBLING PROGRAM
Power tumbling is performed on elevated spring runways that help tumblers propel themselves higher than a basketball goal as they demonstrate speed, strength and skill while executing a series of acrobatic maneuvers. Top-level contenders will perform explosive somersaults with multiple flips and twists.
Although even in the early years of trampolining, notable American and international athletes performed many of the difficult skills and combinations of skills that are seen today, modern trampoline competitions are quite different those of the early developmental years -- due in part to advances in equipment design, changes in the rules and governance, and more systematic training of the athletes.
International competition trampolines are larger and more powerful than those utilized in the early years and a far cry from the "backyard" models that are found today in most American suburban neighborhoods. These modern trampolines can propel trained athletes as high as 30 feet in the air during performances. During two competitive routines of 10 skills each, upper-level athletes can easily demonstrate a graceful array of double, triple and twisting somersaults.
Synchronized trampoline demands the same athletic skill as individual trampoline, while adding the element of precision timing. Using two trampolines, two athletes perform identical 10-skill routines at the same time. In this most artistic event in the sport, each performs as a mirror image of the other, doubling the visual beauty of trampoline competition.
Double mini is a relatively new sport that combines the horizontal run of tumbling with the vertical rebound of trampoline. After a short run, the athlete jumps onto a small two-level trampoline to perform a rebounding trick immediately followed by a dismount element onto a landing mat. Double mini is similar in concept to springboard diving, using a mat instead of water.
Artistic gymnastics is the Olympic sport for men and women performed on apparatus and judged individually, by event, in the All-Around and by team. Women’s events are vault, uneven parallel bars balance beam and floor exercise.
While the term gymnastics is used to refer to a number of related sports, like rhythmic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics is what most people are referring to when they say or talk about gymnastics. It is often the most popular spectator sport at the Summer Olympic Games., and in numerous other competitive environments.
Artistic gymnasts perform short routines mostly lasting approximately 45 to 90 seconds on different gymnastics equipment, and only a few seconds (4 – 5 seconds) per vault. Artistic gymnastics is governed by the F.I.G. (Federation Internationale de Gymnastique). The F.I.G. governs and regulates the sport through the Code of Points and manages all official international elite competitions. The F.I.G. designates and assigns national federations, like USA Gymnastics in the United States, to manage gymnastics in individual countries.